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Warm winter 2015-16 : Blame it on El Nino effect

THE El Nino that has often been the bane of the Indian monsoon is also the reason for the unusually warm winter season this year. Average temperatures across the country, except in Jammu and Kashmir and some adjoining areas, are about 4 to 5 degrees above normal and scientists say the prevailing El Nino in the Pacific Ocean must be held responsible.
El Nino refers to a condition in the equatorial Pacific Ocean, off the coast of Ecuador and Peru in South America, in which sea surface temperatures become unusually warm. The warmer ocean temperatures are the reason behind several weather events worldwide, and are known to suppress the Indian monsoon as well.
Arvind Kumar Srivastava, former head of the National Climate Centre in Pune, said it is not unusual to find winter temperature following an El Nino event to be slightly “milder” than normal. He said the 2009-2010 winter, which followed an El Nino event, was also not very cold. “But the current El Nino has been very strong and prolonged. So its impact is being felt in a more forceful manner,” said Srivastava, now the director of the meteorological centre in Jaipur.
In fact, the prevailing El Nino, which is likely to stretch till early summer this year, is one of the strongest in recent times. The January 4 ‘El Nino Advisory’ from the Climate Prediction System of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the United States says the expectation was that the current El Nino event “will rank among the three strongest episodes” since 1950.
It has already resulted in one of the lowest monsoon rainfalls in recent years this season. And now it could be resulting in a warmer winter. J Srinivasan of the Divecha Centre for Climate Change at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, said the strength of El Nino could be accounting for about 1 to 2 degree rise over the normal temperatures at this time of the year.
There are other, more local, factors as well that are contributing to the unusually high temperatures this winter. Primary amongst them is the lack of rain. The last week of December and first week of January generally see rainfall through most of north India, including Delhi. But this year there has been no rain in this period in most parts of the country.
In the last week of December, the country as a whole received rainfall that was 86 per cent below normal. Kerala, Tamil Nadu, parts of Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and Jammu and Kashmir received some rainfall but rest of the country was completely dry.
Scientists blame the prevailing, unusual, atmospheric conditions for this. Rain at this time, at least in northern India, is brought by the ‘westerlies’, a system of wind that moves in the mid-latitudes, 30 to 60 degrees, in northern hemisphere from the west to east direction. These winds move slightly southwards during this time and flow through most of northern and central India.
“But this year, they have remained north of their usual position during this time and as such their zone of influence has only been parts of Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh where we have seen a little bit of rain,” said L S Rathore, director general of the Indian Meteorological Department.
– Written by Amitabh Sinha

Creative Reuse of Cardboard ..

Although people have lived on and around cardboard for as long as it has existed, it was probably first introduced to the design world by Frank Gehry (b. 1929). in sahpe of modern chairs and tables. Made with hidden screws and fiberboard edging, the tables are said to hold thousands of pounds. The “Wiggle Chair,” which has won many design awards and has been included in museum shows at London’s Design Museum and elsewhere, contains 60 layers of corrugated cardboard held together by hidden screws and fibreboard edging.

In the Beginning of the 1980s cardboard furniture becomes very popular in France by the technique of Eric Guiomar. It is totally different to the technique of Frank Gehry. The furniture in the technique of Guiomar is made with corrugated cardboard, simple, double and triple groove. First, a frame is created with intertwined cardboard plates which are cut out according to the original design. This is the support frame of the piece, just like it would be the case for a ship. Then, the frame is covered with cardboard that will be “rolled” on its forms to a perfect fit. This technique allows a great freedom in the choice of shapes and materials.

All of us need to understand the importance of Reduce Reuse & Recycle ..

Air Pollution in Delhi ..

A study on air pollution in Delhi has found that the city suffers from a toxic blend of geography, growth, poor energy sources and unfavorable weather that boosts its dangerously high levels of air pollution. The study also recommends all-round solutions instead of just focusing on vehicular pollution. The team researched how Delhi’s landscape, weather, smoke from neighboring cities burning crops or leaves being burnt in Delhi, energy consumption culture, and growing urban population combines to elevate concentrations of air pollutants, including ultra-fine particles, the most harmful to human health. “Air pollution has been placed in the top ten health risks faced by human beings globally. Delhi has the dubious accolade of being regularly cited as the most polluted city in the world, with air pollution causing thousands of excess deaths in a year in this growing megacity. While it might be easy to blame this on increased use of vehicles, industrial production or a growing population, the truth is that Delhi is a toxic pollutant punchbowl with myriad ingredients, all of which need addressing. Classified as the world’s fifth ‘megacity’, Delhi has a population of “25.8 million”, which continues to grow. With this growth, the study predicted that the number of road vehicles would increase from 4.7 million in 2010 to nearly 26 million by 2030. The total energy consumption in Delhi has risen 57 per cent from 2001 to 2011, said researchers. According to the report, as a landlocked megacity, Delhi has limited avenues for flushing polluted air out of the city. Coastal megacities such as Mumbai have at least a chance to ‘replace’ polluted air with relatively unpolluted sea breezes, whereas Delhi’s surrounding regions are sometimes even more polluted than the city. “The picture of Delhi’s pollution problem is complicated and is aggravated by some factors that are out of human control. An all-round effort needs to put in if this ever growing issues has to be solved.

Bike from the Scrap..

Now that is called recycling.. Bajaj is making their latest Bike from the scraps of India’s first aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, which was decommissioned in 2014.
“After the news to dismantle INS Vikrant came in 2014, we at Bajaj decided to do something about it. INS Vikrant is a symbol of India’s military power projection and we wanted to remind the nation, and also remember, INS Vikrant’s story.”

e-kabadi .. The App that Pays !!

Effects of Global Warming..

The most important thing about global warming is this. Whether humans are responsible for the bulk of climate change is going to be left to the scientists, but it’s all of our responsibility to leave this planet in better shape for the future generations than we found it.

The planet is warming, from North Pole to South Pole, and everywhere in between. Globally, the mercury is already up more than 1 degree Fahrenheit (0.8 degree Celsius), and even more in sensitive polar regions. And the effects of rising temperatures aren’t waiting for some far-flung future. They’re happening right now. Signs are appearing all over, and some of them are surprising. The heat is not only melting glaciers and sea ice, it’s also shifting precipitation patterns and setting animals on the move.

Some impacts from increasing temperatures are already happening.

  • Ice is melting worldwide, especially at the Earth’s poles. This includes mountain glaciers, ice sheets covering West Antarctica and Greenland, and Arctic sea ice.
  • Researcher Bill Fraser has tracked the decline of the Adélie penguins on Antarctica, where their numbers have fallen from 32,000 breeding pairs to 11,000 in 30 years.
  • Sea level rise became faster over the last century.
  • Some butterflies, foxes, and alpine plants have moved farther north or to higher, cooler areas.
  • Precipitation (rain and snowfall) has increased across the globe, on average.
  • Spruce bark beetles have boomed in Alaska thanks to 20 years of warm summers. The insects have chewed up 4 million acres of spruce trees.

Other effects could happen later this century, if warming continues.

  • Sea levels are expected to rise between 7 and 23 inches (18 and 59 centimeters) by the end of the century, and continued melting at the poles could add between 4 and 8 inches (10 to 20 centimeters).
  • Hurricanes and other storms are likely to become stronger.
  • Species that depend on one another may become out of sync. For example, plants could bloom earlier than their pollinating insects become active.
  • Floods and droughts will become more common. Rainfall in Ethiopia, where droughts are already common, could decline by 10 percent over the next 50 years.
  • Less fresh water will be available. If the Quelccaya ice cap in Peru continues to melt at its current rate, it will be gone by 2100, leaving thousands of people who rely on it for drinking water and electricity without a source of either.
  • Some diseases will spread, such as malaria carried by mosquitoes.
  • Ecosystems will change—some species will move farther north or become more successful; others won’t be able to move and could become extinct. Wildlife research scientist Martyn Obbard has found that since the mid-1980s, with less ice on which to live and fish for food, polar bears have gotten considerably skinnier.  Polar bear biologist Ian Stirling has found a similar pattern in Hudson Bay.  He fears that if sea ice disappears, the polar bears will as well.
  • #ekabadi #startup #jaihind #reducereuserecycle

Source for climate information: IPCC

The Burning Planet

The Burning Planet


Does garbage come to your mind when I say Waste? Waste, in layman’s language, can be defined as useless. One, it is literally, the material waste- like waste paper, waste of fruits etc. The other, is something you are not making use of. Wasting time. Idling around and not doing either anything productive or satisfactory. We can also think of waste as unnecessary. Wasting money on something we don’t require. One thing that we never think about is how much we waste every day. Even if you eat all your food, you do leave the vegetables from the chowmein you ordered. You sip water from a bottle and throw away the rest. Seeing excess oil, you waste bread pakoras, while in someone’s house these things would mean luxury. Even if you work hard all day, you waste time–thinking what more could have been, sleeping an extra hour which leads you to get late, or even sitting sleepily in the washroom. You waste money throwing a party rather than giving a snack to a beggar. What if we tried to make the best out of waste. Wasting is inevitable but how much you reduce it, is up to you.
Reduce. Reuse. Recycle.

Happy Dussehra ..

EK wishes everyone a Happy Dussehra .. Jai Hind .. wishes everyone a Happy Dussehra .. Jai Hind .. wishes everyone a Happy Dussehra .. Jai Hind ..

The 3 R’s ..

The adage The Three R’s is getting more n more popular and it almost might seem like “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle” should go without saying in the time to come. Most of us have only really heard the last part of the phrase, and they’re ranked in order of importance. But there are several steps we should consider before recycling. Reducing the amount that we consume, and shifting our consumption to well-designed products and services, is the first step. Finding constructive uses for “waste” materials is next. If it’s broken, fix it don’t replace it! If you can, return it to the producer (especially electronics). Obviously the next n last step is Recycle the old suff in a proper maner.
Through a balance of these three principals you can easily see your landfill-destined waste dwindle fast. A good example of recycling is setting your empty water bottles in the bin on the curb. Using a water filter and reusable container you can reduce your need for disposable plastic bottles. Thinking about our Planet is very important a way of Good Karma ..

Simple ways to reduce load on Environment

If you have an artiste inside you who hasn’t had an outlet yet, this is your chance. Recycle your soft drink bottles for instance. Paint on them to turn these into centrepieces or vases. You can even use them as unusual potters for your money plants. Use your old CDs as coasters. Yes, there’s no end to the stuff you can reuse or recycle.
You must have noticed the unimaginable jump in the number of personal vehicles in the city in the last few years? According to a report – Accelerating urbanization in India -the country’s transportation infrastructure is unable to keep up with its rapid urbanization rates. So Carpool with your neighbor or collegue.
Stop using paper or polystyrene cups that your workplace provides. Instead, buy a coffee mug. It is always cooler to sip coffee from a mug that boasts of a quirky message, preferably one that defines you.
Stop leaving your mobile chargers hanging from the plug point even when not in use or even when not in use or putting your computers and televisions on sleep-mode at night. Simply unplug. Because you might think that the appliances are not plugged into the chargers to consume electricity, but simply leaving them plugged keeps the electricity running through them.
Don’t waste the water from ur RO systems for example, reuse it in your toilet or garden. It not only reduces ur water bills but also contributes to saving one of the most important yet diminishing recourse on this planet.